lp:ubuntu/precise-security/postgresql-8.4

Created by Ubuntu Package Importer on 2013-02-21 and last modified on 2014-02-25
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Status:
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31. By Martin Pitt on 2014-02-20

* New upstream security/bugfix release. (LP: #1282677)
  - Shore up GRANT ... WITH ADMIN OPTION restrictions.
    Granting a role without ADMIN OPTION is supposed to prevent the grantee
    from adding or removing members from the granted role, but this
    restriction was easily bypassed by doing SET ROLE first. The security
    impact is mostly that a role member can revoke the access of others,
    contrary to the wishes of his grantor. Unapproved role member additions
    are a lesser concern, since an uncooperative role member could provide
    most of his rights to others anyway by creating views or SECURITY
    DEFINER functions. (CVE-2014-0060)
  - Prevent privilege escalation via manual calls to PL validator functions.
    The primary role of PL validator functions is to be called implicitly
    during CREATE FUNCTION, but they are also normal SQL functions that a
    user can call explicitly. Calling a validator on a function actually
    written in some other language was not checked for and could be
    exploited for privilege-escalation purposes. The fix involves adding a
    call to a privilege-checking function in each validator function.
    Non-core procedural languages will also need to make this change to
    their own validator functions, if any. (CVE-2014-0061)
  - Avoid multiple name lookups during table and index DDL.
    If the name lookups come to different conclusions due to concurrent
    activity, we might perform some parts of the DDL on a different table
    than other parts. At least in the case of CREATE INDEX, this can be used
    to cause the permissions checks to be performed against a different
    table than the index creation, allowing for a privilege escalation
    attack. (CVE-2014-0062)
  - Prevent buffer overrun with long datetime strings.
    The MAXDATELEN constant was too small for the longest possible value of
    type interval, allowing a buffer overrun in interval_out(). Although the
    datetime input functions were more careful about avoiding buffer
    overrun, the limit was short enough to cause them to reject some valid
    inputs, such as input containing a very long timezone name. The ecpg
    library contained these vulnerabilities along with some of its own.
    (CVE-2014-0063)
  - Prevent buffer overrun due to integer overflow in size calculations.
    Several functions, mostly type input functions, calculated an allocation
    size without checking for overflow. If overflow did occur, a too-small
    buffer would be allocated and then written past. (CVE-2014-0064)
  - Prevent overruns of fixed-size buffers.
    Use strlcpy() and related functions to provide a clear guarantee that
    fixed-size buffers are not overrun. Unlike the preceding items, it is
    unclear whether these cases really represent live issues, since in most
    cases there appear to be previous constraints on the size of the input
    string. Nonetheless it seems prudent to silence all Coverity warnings of
    this type. (CVE-2014-0065)
  - Avoid crashing if crypt() returns NULL.
    There are relatively few scenarios in which crypt() could return NULL,
    but contrib/chkpass would crash if it did. One practical case in which
    this could be an issue is if libc is configured to refuse to execute
    unapproved hashing algorithms (e.g., "FIPS mode"). (CVE-2014-0066)
  - Document risks of make check in the regression testing instructions
    Since the temporary server started by make check uses "trust"
    authentication, another user on the same machine could connect to it as
    database superuser, and then potentially exploit the privileges of the
    operating-system user who started the tests. A future release will
    probably incorporate changes in the testing procedure to prevent this
    risk, but some public discussion is needed first. So for the moment,
    just warn people against using make check when there are untrusted users
    on the same machine. (CVE-2014-0067)
* The upstream tarballs no longer contain a plain HISTORY file, but point to
  the html documentation. Add 70-history.patch to note the location of these
  files in our changelog.gz file.

30. By Martin Pitt on 2013-04-02

* New upstream security/bug fix release: (LP: #1163184)
  - Reset OpenSSL randomness state in each postmaster child process.
    This avoids a scenario wherein random numbers generated by
    "contrib/pgcrypto" functions might be relatively easy for another
    database user to guess. The risk is only significant when the
    postmaster is configured with ssl = on but most connections don't
    use SSL encryption. [CVE-2013-1900]
  - Fix GiST indexes to not use "fuzzy" geometric comparisons when it's
    not appropriate to do so.
    The core geometric types perform comparisons using "fuzzy"
    equality, but gist_box_same must do exact comparisons, else GiST
    indexes using it might become inconsistent. After installing this
    update, users should "REINDEX" any GiST indexes on box, polygon,
    circle, or point columns, since all of these use gist_box_same.
  - Fix erroneous range-union and penalty logic in GiST indexes that
    use "contrib/btree_gist" for variable-width data types, that is
    text, bytea, bit, and numeric columns.
    These errors could result in inconsistent indexes in which some
    keys that are present would not be found by searches, and also in
    useless index bloat. Users are advised to "REINDEX" such indexes
    after installing this update.
  - Fix bugs in GiST page splitting code for multi-column indexes.
    These errors could result in inconsistent indexes in which some
    keys that are present would not be found by searches, and also in
    indexes that are unnecessarily inefficient to search. Users are
    advised to "REINDEX" multi-column GiST indexes after installing
    this update.
  - See HISTORY/changelog.gz for the other bug fixes.

29. By Martin Pitt on 2013-02-05

* New upstream security/bug fix release: (LP: #1116336)
  - Prevent execution of enum_recv from SQL
    The function was misdeclared, allowing a simple SQL command to crash the
    server. In principle an attacker might be able to use it to examine the
    contents of server memory. Our thanks to Sumit Soni (via Secunia SVCRP)
    for reporting this issue. (CVE-2013-0255)
  - See HISTORY/changelog.gz for the other bug fixes.

28. By Martin Pitt on 2012-02-25

* Urgency medium due to security fixes.
* New upstream bug fix/security release:
  - Require execute permission on the trigger function for "CREATE
    TRIGGER".
    This missing check could allow another user to execute a trigger
    function with forged input data, by installing it on a table he
    owns. This is only of significance for trigger functions marked
    SECURITY DEFINER, since otherwise trigger functions run as the
    table owner anyway. (CVE-2012-0866)
  - Remove arbitrary limitation on length of common name in SSL
    certificates.
    Both libpq and the server truncated the common name extracted from
    an SSL certificate at 32 bytes. Normally this would cause nothing
    worse than an unexpected verification failure, but there are some
    rather-implausible scenarios in which it might allow one
    certificate holder to impersonate another. The victim would have to
    have a common name exactly 32 bytes long, and the attacker would
    have to persuade a trusted CA to issue a certificate in which the
    common name has that string as a prefix. Impersonating a server
    would also require some additional exploit to redirect client
    connections. (CVE-2012-0867)
  - Convert newlines to spaces in names written in pg_dump comments.
    pg_dump was incautious about sanitizing object names that are
    emitted within SQL comments in its output script. A name containing
    a newline would at least render the script syntactically incorrect.
    Maliciously crafted object names could present a SQL injection risk
    when the script is reloaded. (CVE-2012-0868)
  - Fix btree index corruption from insertions concurrent with
    vacuuming.
    An index page split caused by an insertion could sometimes cause a
    concurrently-running "VACUUM" to miss removing index entries that
    it should remove. After the corresponding table rows are removed,
    the dangling index entries would cause errors (such as "could not
    read block N in file ...") or worse, silently wrong query results
    after unrelated rows are re-inserted at the now-free table
    locations. This bug has been present since release 8.2, but occurs
    so infrequently that it was not diagnosed until now. If you have
    reason to suspect that it has happened in your database, reindexing
    the affected index will fix things.
  - Update per-column permissions, not only per-table permissions, when
    changing table owner.
    Failure to do this meant that any previously granted column
    permissions were still shown as having been granted by the old
    owner. This meant that neither the new owner nor a superuser could
    revoke the now-untraceable-to-table-owner permissions.
  - Allow non-existent values for some settings in "ALTER USER/DATABASE
    SET".
    Allow default_text_search_config, default_tablespace, and
    temp_tablespaces to be set to names that are not known. This is
    because they might be known in another database where the setting
    is intended to be used, or for the tablespace cases because the
    tablespace might not be created yet. The same issue was previously
    recognized for search_path, and these settings now act like that
    one.
  - Avoid crashing when we have problems deleting table files
    post-commit.
    Dropping a table should lead to deleting the underlying disk files
    only after the transaction commits. In event of failure then (for
    instance, because of wrong file permissions) the code is supposed
    to just emit a warning message and go on, since it's too late to
    abort the transaction. This logic got broken as of release 8.4,
    causing such situations to result in a PANIC and an unrestartable
    database.
  - Track the OID counter correctly during WAL replay, even when it
    wraps around.
    Previously the OID counter would remain stuck at a high value until
    the system exited replay mode. The practical consequences of that
    are usually nil, but there are scenarios wherein a standby server
    that's been promoted to master might take a long time to advance
    the OID counter to a reasonable value once values are needed.
  - Fix regular expression back-references with - attached.
    Rather than enforcing an exact string match, the code would
    effectively accept any string that satisfies the pattern
    sub-expression referenced by the back-reference symbol.
    A similar problem still afflicts back-references that are embedded
    in a larger quantified expression, rather than being the immediate
    subject of the quantifier. This will be addressed in a future
    PostgreSQL release.
  - Fix recently-introduced memory leak in processing of inet/cidr
    values.
  - Fix dangling pointer after "CREATE TABLE AS"/"SELECT INTO" in a
    SQL-language function.
    In most cases this only led to an assertion failure in
    assert-enabled builds, but worse consequences seem possible.
  - Fix I/O-conversion-related memory leaks in plpgsql.
  - Improve pg_dump's handling of inherited table columns.
    pg_dump mishandled situations where a child column has a different
    default expression than its parent column. If the default is
    textually identical to the parent's default, but not actually the
    same (for instance, because of schema search path differences) it
    would not be recognized as different, so that after dump and
    restore the child would be allowed to inherit the parent's default.
    Child columns that are NOT NULL where their parent is not could
    also be restored subtly incorrectly.
  - Fix pg_restore's direct-to-database mode for INSERT-style table
    data.
    Direct-to-database restores from archive files made with
    "--inserts" or "--column-inserts" options fail when using
    pg_restore from a release dated September or December 2011, as a
    result of an oversight in a fix for another problem. The archive
    file itself is not at fault, and text-mode output is okay.
  - Allow AT option in ecpg DEALLOCATE statements.
    The infrastructure to support this has been there for awhile, but
    through an oversight there was still an error check rejecting the
    case.
  - Fix error in "contrib/intarray"'s int[] & int[] operator.
    If the smallest integer the two input arrays have in common is 1,
    and there are smaller values in either array, then 1 would be
    incorrectly omitted from the result.
  - Fix error detection in "contrib/pgcrypto"'s encrypt_iv() and
    decrypt_iv().
    These functions failed to report certain types of invalid-input
    errors, and would instead return random garbage values for
    incorrect input.
  - Fix one-byte buffer overrun in "contrib/test_parser".
    The code would try to read one more byte than it should, which
    would crash in corner cases. Since "contrib/test_parser" is only
    example code, this is not a security issue in itself, but bad
    example code is still bad.
  - Use __sync_lock_test_and_set() for spinlocks on ARM, if available.
    This function replaces our previous use of the SWPB instruction,
    which is deprecated and not available on ARMv6 and later. Reports
    suggest that the old code doesn't fail in an obvious way on recent
    ARM boards, but simply doesn't interlock concurrent accesses,
    leading to bizarre failures in multiprocess operation.
  - Use "-fexcess-precision=standard" option when building with gcc
    versions that accept it.
    This prevents assorted scenarios wherein recent versions of gcc
    will produce creative results.
  - Allow use of threaded Python on FreeBSD.
    Our configure script previously believed that this combination
    wouldn't work; but FreeBSD fixed the problem, so remove that error
    check.
* Drop 04-armel-tas.patch, applied upstream.

27. By Martin Pitt on 2011-12-02

* New upstream bug fix release:
  - Fix bugs in information_schema.referential_constraints view.
    This view was being insufficiently careful about matching the
    foreign-key constraint to the depended-on primary or unique key
    constraint. That could result in failure to show a foreign key
    constraint at all, or showing it multiple times, or claiming that
    it depends on a different constraint than the one it really does.
    Since the view definition is installed by initdb, merely upgrading
    will not fix the problem. If you need to fix this in an existing
    installation, you can (as a superuser) drop the information_schema
    schema then re-create it by sourcing
    "SHAREDIR/information_schema.sql". (Run pg_config --sharedir if
    you're uncertain where "SHAREDIR" is.) This must be repeated in
    each database to be fixed.
  - Fix incorrect replay of WAL records for GIN index updates.
    This could result in transiently failing to find index entries
    after a crash, or on a hot-standby server. The problem would be
    repaired by the next "VACUUM" of the index, however.
  - Fix TOAST-related data corruption during CREATE TABLE dest AS
    SELECT - FROM src or INSERT INTO dest SELECT * FROM src.
    If a table has been modified by "ALTER TABLE ADD COLUMN", attempts
    to copy its data verbatim to another table could produce corrupt
    results in certain corner cases. The problem can only manifest in
    this precise form in 8.4 and later, but we patched earlier versions
    as well in case there are other code paths that could trigger the
    same bug.
  - Fix race condition during toast table access from stale syscache
    entries.
  - Track dependencies of functions on items used in parameter default
    expressions. Previously, a referenced object could be dropped without
    having dropped or modified the function, leading to misbehavior when the
    function was used. Note that merely installing this update will not fix
    the missing dependency entries; to do that, you'd need to "CREATE OR
    REPLACE" each such function afterwards. If you have functions whose
    defaults depend on non-built-in objects, doing so is recommended.
  - Allow inlining of set-returning SQL functions with multiple OUT
    parameters.
  - Make DatumGetInetP() unpack inet datums that have a 1-byte header,
    and add a new macro, DatumGetInetPP(), that does not.
  - Improve locale support in money type's input and output.
    Aside from not supporting all standard lc_monetary formatting
    options, the input and output functions were inconsistent, meaning
    there were locales in which dumped money values could not be
    re-read.
  - Don't let transform_null_equals affect CASE foo WHEN NULL ...
    constructs. transform_null_equals is only supposed to affect foo = NULL
    expressions written directly by the user, not equality checks
    generated internally by this form of CASE.
  - Change foreign-key trigger creation order to better support
    self-referential foreign keys. For a cascading foreign key that
    references its own table, a row update will fire both the ON UPDATE
    trigger and the CHECK trigger as one event. The ON UPDATE trigger must
    execute first, else the CHECK will check a non-final state of the row
    and possibly throw an inappropriate error. However, the firing order of
    these triggers is determined by their names, which generally sort in
    creation order since the triggers have auto-generated names following
    the convention "RI_ConstraintTrigger_NNNN". A proper fix would require
    modifying that convention, which we will do in 9.2, but it seems risky
    to change it in existing releases. So this patch just changes the
    creation order of the triggers. Users encountering this type of error
    should drop and re-create the foreign key constraint to get its triggers
    into the right order.
  - Avoid floating-point underflow while tracking buffer allocation
    rate.
  - Preserve blank lines within commands in psql's command history.
    The former behavior could cause problems if an empty line was
    removed from within a string literal, for example.
  - Fix pg_dump to dump user-defined casts between auto-generated
    types, such as table rowtypes.
  - Use the preferred version of xsubpp to build PL/Perl, not
    necessarily the operating system's main copy.
  - Fix incorrect coding in "contrib/dict_int" and "contrib/dict_xsyn".
  - Honor query cancel interrupts promptly in pgstatindex().
  - Ensure VPATH builds properly install all server header files.
  - Shorten file names reported in verbose error messages.
    Regular builds have always reported just the name of the C file
    containing the error message call, but VPATH builds formerly
    reported an absolute path name.

26. By Colin Watson on 2011-11-17

Rebuild for Perl 5.14.

25. By Martin Pitt on 2011-09-25

* New upstream bug fix release:
   - Fix bugs in indexing of in-doubt HOT-updated tuples.
     These bugs could result in index corruption after reindexing a
     system catalog. They are not believed to affect user indexes.
   - Fix multiple bugs in GiST index page split processing.
     The probability of occurrence was low, but these could lead to
     index corruption.
   - Fix possible buffer overrun in tsvector_concat().
     The function could underestimate the amount of memory needed for
     its result, leading to server crashes.
   - Fix crash in xml_recv when processing a "standalone" parameter.
   - Make pg_options_to_table return NULL for an option with no value.
     Previously such cases would result in a server crash.
   - Avoid possibly accessing off the end of memory in "ANALYZE" and in
     SJIS-2004 encoding conversion.
     This fixes some very-low-probability server crash scenarios.
   - Prevent intermittent hang in interactions of startup process with
     bgwriter process.
     This affected recovery in non-hot-standby cases.
   - Fix race condition in relcache init file invalidation.
     There was a window wherein a new backend process could read a stale
     init file but miss the inval messages that would tell it the data
     is stale. The result would be bizarre failures in catalog accesses,
     typically "could not read block 0 in file ..." later during
     startup.
   - Fix memory leak at end of a GiST index scan.
     Commands that perform many separate GiST index scans, such as
     verification of a new GiST-based exclusion constraint on a table
     already containing many rows, could transiently require large
     amounts of memory due to this leak.
   - Fix incorrect memory accounting (leading to possible memory bloat)
     in tuplestores supporting holdable cursors and plpgsql's RETURN
     NEXT command.
   - Fix performance problem when constructing a large, lossy bitmap.
   - Fix join selectivity estimation for unique columns.
     This fixes an erroneous planner heuristic that could lead to poor
     estimates of the result size of a join.
   - Fix nested PlaceHolderVar expressions that appear only in
     sub-select target lists. This mistake could result in outputs of an
     outer join incorrectly appearing as NULL.
   - Allow nested EXISTS queries to be optimized properly.
   - Fix array- and path-creating functions to ensure padding bytes are
     zeroes. This avoids some situations where the planner will think that
     semantically-equal constants are not equal, resulting in poor
     optimization.
   - Fix "EXPLAIN" to handle gating Result nodes within inner-indexscan
     subplans. The usual symptom of this oversight was "bogus varno" errors.
   - Work around gcc 4.6.0 bug that breaks WAL replay. This could lead to
     loss of committed transactions after a server crash.
   - Fix dump bug for VALUES in a view.
   - Disallow SELECT FOR UPDATE/SHARE on sequences.
     This operation doesn't work as expected and can lead to failures.
   - Fix "VACUUM" so that it always updates pg_class.reltuples/relpages.
     This fixes some scenarios where autovacuum could make increasingly
     poor decisions about when to vacuum tables.
   - Defend against integer overflow when computing size of a hash table.
   - Fix cases where "CLUSTER" might attempt to access already-removed
     TOAST data.
   - Fix portability bugs in use of credentials control messages for
     "peer" authentication.
   - Fix SSPI login when multiple roundtrips are required.
     The typical symptom of this problem was "The function requested is
     not supported" errors during SSPI login.
   - Throw an error if "pg_hba.conf" contains hostssl but SSL is
     disabled. This was concluded to be more user-friendly than the
     previous behavior of silently ignoring such lines.
   - Fix typo in pg_srand48 seed initialization.
     This led to failure to use all bits of the provided seed. This
     function is not used on most platforms (only those without
     srandom), and the potential security exposure from a
     less-random-than-expected seed seems minimal in any case.
   - Avoid integer overflow when the sum of LIMIT and OFFSET values
     exceeds 2^63.
   - Add overflow checks to int4 and int8 versions of generate_series().
   - Fix trailing-zero removal in to_char(). In a format with FM and no
     digit positions after the decimal point, zeroes to the left of the
     decimal point could be removed incorrectly.
   - Fix pg_size_pretty() to avoid overflow for inputs close to 2^63.
   - Weaken plpgsql's check for typmod matching in record values.
     An overly enthusiastic check could lead to discarding length
     modifiers that should have been kept.
   - Fix pg_upgrade to preserve toast tables' relfrozenxids during an
     upgrade from 8.3. Failure to do this could lead to "pg_clog" files
     being removed too soon after the upgrade.
   - Fix psql's counting of script file line numbers during COPY from a
     different file.
   - Fix pg_restore's direct-to-database mode for
     standard_conforming_strings. pg_restore could emit incorrect commands
     when restoring directly to a database server from an archive file that
     had been made with standard_conforming_strings set to on.
   - Be more user-friendly about unsupported cases for parallel
     pg_restore. This change ensures that such cases are detected and
     reported before any restore actions have been taken.
   - Fix write-past-buffer-end and memory leak in libpq's LDAP service
     lookup code.
   - In libpq, avoid failures when using nonblocking I/O and an SSL
     connection.
   - Improve libpq's handling of failures during connection startup.
     In particular, the response to a server report of fork() failure
     during SSL connection startup is now saner.
   - Improve libpq's error reporting for SSL failures.
   - Fix PQsetvalue() to avoid possible crash when adding a new tuple to
     a PGresult originally obtained from a server query.
   - Make ecpglib write double values with 15 digits precision.
   - In ecpglib, be sure LC_NUMERIC setting is restored after an error.
   - Apply upstream fix for blowfish signed-character bug
     (CVE-2011-2483) (Closes: #631285)
     "contrib/pg_crypto"'s blowfish encryption code could give wrong
     results on platforms where char is signed (which is most), leading
     to encrypted passwords being weaker than they should be.
   - Fix memory leak in "contrib/seg".
   - Fix pgstatindex() to give consistent results for empty indexes.
   - Allow building with perl 5.14. (Closes: #628503)
* Drop 16-cmsgcred-size.patch, fixed upstream in a different way.

24. By Martin Pitt on 2011-05-22

* debian/postgresql-8.4.postrm: Clean up pg_ctl.conf on purge.
* debian/control, debian/rules: Drop usage of pycentral. We don't ship any
  Python extension/module, so we don't need a python helper at all.
  (Closes: #616948)
* Add 16-cmsgcred-size.patch: Fix size of struct cmsgcred to fix ident
  authentication on kFreeBSD 64 bit. Thanks to Petr Salinger for the patch!
  (Closes: #612888)

23. By Colin Watson on 2011-05-12

Rebuild for Perl 5.12.

22. By Martin Pitt on 2011-04-20

Priority medium due to data-loss pg_upgrade bug.

[ Martin Pitt ]
* New upstream bug fix release:
  - If your installation was upgraded from a previous major release by
    running pg_upgrade, you should take action to prevent possible data loss
    due to a now-fixed bug in pg_upgrade. The recommended solution is to run
    "VACUUM FREEZE" on all TOAST tables. More information is available at
    http://wiki.postgresql.org/wiki/20110408pg_upgrade_fix.
  - Fix pg_upgrade's handling of TOAST tables.
    This error poses a significant risk of data loss for installations
    that have been upgraded with pg_upgrade. This patch corrects the
    problem for future uses of pg_upgrade, but does not in itself cure
    the issue in installations that have been processed with a buggy
    version of pg_upgrade.
  - Suppress incorrect "PD_ALL_VISIBLE flag was incorrectly set"
    warning.
  - Disallow including a composite type in itself.
  - Avoid potential deadlock during catalog cache initialization.
  - Fix dangling-pointer problem in BEFORE ROW UPDATE trigger handling
    when there was a concurrent update to the target tuple.
  - Disallow "DROP TABLE" when there are pending deferred trigger
    events for the table.
    Formerly the "DROP" would go through, leading to "could not open
    relation with OID nnn" errors when the triggers were eventually
    fired.
  - Prevent crash triggered by constant-false WHERE conditions during
    GEQO optimization.
  - Improve planner's handling of semi-join and anti-join cases.
  - Fix selectivity estimation for text search to account for NULLs.
  - Improve PL/pgSQL's ability to handle row types with dropped columns.
  - Fix PL/Python memory leak involving array slices.
  - Fix pg_restore to cope with long lines (over 1KB) in TOC files.
  - Put in more safeguards against crashing due to division-by-zero
    with overly enthusiastic compiler optimization. (Closes: #616180)
* debian/control: Stop building the versionless metapackages and client-side
  libraries, they are built by postgresql-9.0 now. Add libpq-dev build
  dependency.
* debian/rules: Drop check for uninstalled files, since it'd now break the
  build due to the uninstalled libraries.

[ Matthias Klose ]
* Add 15-bool-altivec.patch: Fix definition of bool on __APPLE_ALTIVEC__
  architecture (ppc64).

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